A cartoonist is a person who specializes in drawing cartoons. The term can also be applied to those who produce comic books, anime, manga, editorial cartoons, as well as comic strip creators and those working in animation. Those artists whose work is said to have a "cartoony" style are also called cartoonists.
A cartoonist traditionally sketches the picture out roughly in pencil first, before going over the sketches in black ink, using either brushes or metal nibbed pens. Cartoonists whose work is intended for online publication increasingly work in digital media.
Large comic book publishers (such as Marvel or DC) utilize teams of cartoonists to produce the art (typically one doing the pencil work and another doing the inking, with the coloring added digitally by colorists). When a consistent artistic style is wanted among different cartoonists (such as Archie Comics), character model sheets may be used as reference.
Traditional animation houses employ specialized cartoonists, called "inbetweeners", to draw the motions connecting the broad movements of a character. This process is often called "tweening".
Modern cartoonists today use modern software to produce cartoons, most notably Adobe Flash which is used on Flash cartoon sites such as StickDeath.com.
A cartoon (from the Italian "cartone" and Dutch word "karton", meaning strong, heavy paper or pasteboard) is a full-size drawing made on paper as a study for further drawings, such as a painting or tapestry. Cartoons were typically used in the production of frescoes, to accurately link the component parts of the composition when painted onto plaster over a series of days.
Modern gag cartoons, found in magazines and newspapers, generally consist of a single drawing with a caption immediately beneath or (less often) a speech balloon. Many consider New Yorker cartoonist Peter Arno the father of the modern gag cartoon (as did Arno himself). Gag cartoonists of note include Charles Addams, Gary Larson, Charles Barsotti, Chon Day and Mel Calman. Editorial cartoons are a type of gag cartoon found almost exclusively in news publications. Although they also employ humor, they are more serious in tone, commonly using irony or satire. The art usually acts as a visual metaphor to illustrate a point of view on current social and/or political topics. Editorial cartoons often include speech balloons and, sometimes, multiple panels. Editorial cartoonists of note include Herblock, Mike Peters, David Low and Gerald Scarfe. Comic strips, also known as "cartoon strips" in the United Kingdom, are found daily in newspapers worldwide, and are usually a short series of cartoon illustrations in sequence. In the United States they are not as commonly called "cartoons" themselves, but rather "comics" or "funnies". Nonetheless, the creators of comic strips—as well as comic books and graphic novels—are referred to as "cartoonists". Noteworthy cartoonists are Charles Schulz, Bill Watterson, Scott Adams, Mort Walker, Steve Bell.
An animated cartoon horse, drawn by rotoscoping from Edweard Muybridge's 19th century photos. Because of the stylistic similarities between comic strips and early animated movies, "cartoon" came to refer to animation, and this is the sense in which "cartoon" is most commonly used today. These are usually shown on television or movies and are created by showing illustrated images in rapid succession to give the impression of movement. (In this meaning, the word cartoon is sometimes shortened to toon, which was popularized by the movie Who Framed Roger Rabbit). Although the term can be applied to any animated presentation, it is most often used in reference to programs for children, featuring anthropomorphized animals, superheroes, the adventures of child protagonists, and other related genres.
CARTOON ANIMATION HISTORY Learn about the different popular animation studios that have played a substantial part in th history of animation. Click on the image on the left to learn more.
Comic Book History
COMIC BOOK HISTORY The artists that create popular characters for the famous comic book world. Click on the image on the left to learn more.
Woody Allen by Al Hirschfeld
CARICATURE ART HISTORY Sample the fantastic world of Caricature history. How the likeness of others evolved into an art that is loved as well as hated. Click on the image to the left to enter.
COMIC STRIP ART HISTORY Follow the world of comic strip art history from newspaper funnies to magazine gag cartoons. Click on the image to the left to explore.
Join or Die
Political And Editorial Cartoon History click on the art to the left to learn about Political Cartooning History
Be advised All caricature images on my website are owned and copyrighted